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Independent Variable

A variable in an equation that may have its value freely chosen without considering values of any other variable. For equations such as y = 3x – 2, the independent variable is x. The variable y is not independent since it depends on the number chosen for x.

Formally, an independent variable is a variable which can be assigned any permissible value without any restriction imposed by any other variable.

 

 

 

See also

Dependent variable

 


  this page updated 21-feb-16
Mathwords: Terms and Formulas from Algebra I to Calculus
written, illustrated, and webmastered by Bruce Simmons
NCTM Web Bytes December 2004 Web Bytes March 2005 Web Bytes