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Correlation Coefficient

A number that is a measure of the strength and direction of the correlation between two variables. Correlation coefficients are expressed using the variable r, where r is between 1 and –1, inclusive. The closer r is to 1 or –1, the less scattered the points are and the stronger the relationship. Only data points with a scatterplot which is a perfectly straight line can have r = –1 or r = 1. When r < 0 the data have a negative association, and when r > 0 the data have a positive association.

 

 

See also

Least squares regression line

 


  this page updated 21-feb-16
Mathwords: Terms and Formulas from Algebra I to Calculus
written, illustrated, and webmastered by Bruce Simmons
NCTM Web Bytes December 2004 Web Bytes March 2005 Web Bytes