powered by Google (TM)
index: click on a letter
A B C D E
F G H  I  J
K L M N O
P Q R S T
U V W X Y
Z A to Z index
index: subject areas
numbers & symbols
sets, logic, proofs
geometry
algebra
trigonometry
advanced algebra
& pre-calculus
calculus
advanced topics
probability &
statistics
real world
applications
multimedia
entries
about mathwords  
website feedback  


Arithmetic Series

A series such as 3 + 7 + 11 + 15 + ··· + 99 or 10 + 20 + 30 + ··· + 1000 which has a constant difference between terms. The first term is a1, the common difference is d, and the number of terms is n. The sum of an arithmetic series is found by multiplying the number of terms times the average of the first and last terms.

 

Formula:    or    
 

 

Example:

3 + 7 + 11 + 15 + ··· + 99 has a1 = 3 and d = 4. To find n, use the explicit formula for an arithmetic sequence.

We solve 3 + (n – 1)·4 = 99 to get n = 25.

or  

 

See also

Geometric series

 


  this page updated 19-jul-17
Mathwords: Terms and Formulas from Algebra I to Calculus
written, illustrated, and webmastered by Bruce Simmons
Copyright © 2000 by Bruce Simmons
All rights reserved
NCTM Web Bytes December 2004 Web Bytes March 2005 Web Bytes