powered by Google (TM)
index: click on a letter
A B C D E
F G H  I  J
K L M N O
P Q R S T
U V W X Y
Z A to Z index
index: subject areas
numbers & symbols
sets, logic, proofs
geometry
algebra
trigonometry
advanced algebra
& pre-calculus
calculus
advanced topics
probability &
statistics
real world
applications
multimedia
entries
about mathwords  
website feedback  


Adjugate
Classical Adjoint

The matrix formed by taking the transpose of the cofactor matrix of a given original matrix. The adjugate of matrix A is often written adj A.

Note: In the past, the term for adjugate used to be adjoint. The name has changed to avoid ambiguity with a different defintition of the term adjoint. Sometimes the adjugate is called the classical adjoint to refer to this older term. Consult a book on linear algebra for more information.

 

Example:

Find the adjugate of the following matrix:

\[{\rm{A}} = \left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}c} 1 & 2 & 3 \\ 0 & 4 & 5 \\ 1 & 0 & 6 \\\end{array}} \right]\]

Solution:

First find the cofactor of each element.

\[\begin{array}{*{20}{l}}{{{\rm{A}}_{11}} = \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}4&5\\0&6\end{array}} \right| = 24}&{{{\rm{A}}_{12}} = - \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}0&5\\1&6\end{array}} \right| = 5}&{{{\rm{A}}_{13}} = \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}0&4\\1&0\end{array}} \right| = - 4}\\{}&{}&{}\\{{{\rm{A}}_{21}} = - \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}2&3\\0&6\end{array}} \right| = - 12}&{{{\rm{A}}_{22}} = \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}1&3\\1&6\end{array}} \right| = 3}&{{{\rm{A}}_{23}} = - \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}1&2\\1&0\end{array}} \right| = 2}\\{}&{}&{}\\{{{\rm{A}}_{31}} = \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}2&3\\4&5\end{array}} \right| = - 2}&{{{\rm{A}}_{32}} = - \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}1&3\\0&5\end{array}} \right| = - 5}&{{{\rm{A}}_{33}} = \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}1&2\\0&4\end{array}} \right| = 4}\end{array}\]

As a result the cofactor matrix of A is

\[\left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{24}&5&{ - 4}\\{ - 12}&3&2\\{ - 2}&{ - 5}&4\end{array}} \right]\]

Finally the adjugate of A is the transpose of the cofactor matrix:

\[\left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{24}&{ - 12}&{ - 2}\\5&3&{ - 5}\\{ - 4}&2&4\end{array}} \right]\]

 

See also

Inverse of a matrix

 


  this page updated 19-jul-17
Mathwords: Terms and Formulas from Algebra I to Calculus
written, illustrated, and webmastered by Bruce Simmons
Copyright © 2000 by Bruce Simmons
All rights reserved
NCTM Web Bytes December 2004 Web Bytes March 2005 Web Bytes